Tax Reform for 2017
With the election of Donald Trump as the next President of the United States, and the Republican Party in control of the House of Representatives and Senate, it is almost a sure thing that significant tax reform will be passed in 2017. If you are wondering how this may affect you and your tax situation, please read further.
What is Going to Happen?
This is the million-dollar question because no one knows. What is known is both the Republicans in the House and President-elect Trump have put out tax reform proposals. It is highly likely neither proposal will be passed as-is, but the similarities between the two plans give insight into what changes are most likely to occur.
A big question is when the reform will be effective. It could be effective as of January 1, 2017, even though it won’t be passed until a later date. It could go partially into effect when the bill is put forward. It could go into effect at the beginning of 2018. Without knowing when the tax changes will actually start, the assumption is the reforms are implemented as of January 1, 2017.
While the two plans are comprised of a significant number of proposals, the discussion today is going to center on only two areas that are in strong agreement: tax brackets and deductions & personal exemptions.
Below is a brief description of these two potential changes followed by how this may affect some taxpayers as it is currently proposed.
Both plans call for reducing the current seven tax brackets to three brackets, plus removing certain additional taxes and phase-outs. The three proposed tax brackets are 12%, 25%, and 33%. The new brackets closely, though not exactly, correspond with the tax brackets as shown below.
Standard/Itemized Deductions & Personal Exemptions
Under the current system, taxpayers get to take a standard deduction or an itemized deduction, plus a personal exemption for each member of the household (taxpayer, spouse, and dependents). The proposals combine the standard deduction and personal exemptions into a single, larger standard deduction. As a reminder, itemizing deductions is only useful if they are greater than the standard deduction.
Though both plans leave itemized deductions in place, they treat them differently and have a higher barrier before they become useful.
What Do The Potential Tax Changes Mean For Me?
The proposed changes will affect taxpayers differently based on numerous factors. As the proposals are written, here is what it will mean for most taxpayers
- Tax rates will drop for almost all taxpayers.
- Those who itemize deductions will be less likely to itemize, because now the itemized deductions will have to be larger than the new proposed standard deduction. The new standard deduction is a combination of the current standard deduction and personal exemptions.
- With the disappearance of personal exemptions, large families will be disadvantaged versus smaller families.
- Very high income earners will probably pay far less in taxes.
- The value of itemized deductions will be reduced dramatically for most taxpayers.
- If only mortgage interest and charitable contributions are kept as itemized deductions, as in the house proposal:
- It could hurt charities.
- It could somewhat hurt the housing market.
- Taxpayers in higher tax states will be hurt more than those in lower tax states.
- Deductions for medical expenses will disappear.
- Due to these reasons, it seems unlikely that itemized deductions will be cut to only charitable giving and mortgage interest.
In summary, as it is proposed, the simplification and lowering of the tax brackets is helpful to taxpayers. What could really hurt some middle-class taxpayers is the changes to the personal exemption and standard deduction. With only three weeks left in 2016, it is an excellent time to review your tax situation and see if you need to make any moves before the end-of-the-year.
Don’t forget, there are numerous more provisions of the proposals we aren’t discussing. The two things discussed here are far from certain, as is when any tax reform will go into effect. The reason the tax brackets and deductions were singled out is they are very similar in both proposals and thus have a better chance of being implemented with minimal or moderate changes.
If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us.